The Animal Welfare (Licensing of Activities Involving Animals) (England) Regulations 2018
Changes have been made to improve the existing animal licensing regulations. These changes aim to simplify the application and inspection process for businesses and improve existing animal welfare standards.
The updated regulations are called The Animal Welfare (Licensing of Activities Involving Animals) (England) Regulations 2018.
The changes came into effect on 1 October 2018.
Further information and guidance
- The Animal Welfare (Licensing of Activities Involving Animals) (England) Regulations 2018 (legislation.gov.uk)
- Dog breeding licensing: statutory guidance for local authorities - GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)
Who can apply?
Any 'fit and proper person' who is not disqualified from keeping animals may apply.
A licence cannot be granted to people who are disqualified from:
- keeping a breeding establishment for dogs
- keeping a pet shop
- keeping animals
- keeping a boarding establishment for animals
Is planning permission required?
We recommend that you discuss your proposals with our Planning team to decide whether a planning application is needed.
Apply for Breeding and Sale of Dogs (Word document)
How much does a licence cost?
Fees will be payable for applications.
Please note you need to submit an application form as well as make the payment.
Inspections and Star Ratings
All premises will be visited by an inspector before the licence is granted. The initial inspection will be undertaken in conjunction with a vet appointed by this department. The cost of the vets inspection will be met by the applicant and is in addition to the application fee. The inspector will be looking to make sure the applicant has the following:
- A specialist knowledge of the species you are caring for
- A clear understanding of its needs and welfare (this includes the mental and physical health of the animal, feeding and environmental requirements). The applicant should be able to demonstrate that the necessary research has been carried out, and expert guidance has been followed
- Comprehensive records containing all the information required by the conditions relevant to the application
- An understanding of risks involved in caring for the animal. This includes an extensive risk assessment, as well as written policies and procedures that are reviewed regularly. These documents should be available for the inspector to examine
- Training procedures in place to make sure staff know what is expected of them
- Clear evidence of good supervision of staff
- The applicant's premises will also be assessed, to make sure that the new laws relating to the physical environment in which the animals will be kept are met
Based on the information, we will assess the risk rating and award stars. Low-risk premises can be awarded up to five stars. Premises that have been assessed as higher risk can be awarded up to four stars.
If the applicant is not satisfied with the decision, they can make improvements to address highlighted issues, and ask for a re-inspection (fees apply).
Businesses will automatically be deemed high risk until they have held their licence for one year.
Premises with lower star ratings
A premises with a lower star rating is not necessarily a premises to avoid. There are other factors that have to be considered, such as the length of time the licence holder has been operating.
New businesses will be assessed as slightly higher risk. This is simply because there is no history of good practice that can be considered.
Information on how the length of a licence and the star rating are decided can be found in the procedural guidance notes for local authorities February 2022.
How do I improve my rating?
DEFRA have produced guidance to aid the inspection process.
There are some ‘optional’ and ‘required’ conditions that may help you to achieve a higher star rating.
If customers have any concerns, please contact the Food and Safety Team before making a purchase or making booking arrangements.
How long does a licence last?
Under the new legislation, licences can be issued for up to three years.
The licence expiry date will depend on the risk rating that is given to the business at the time of inspection. It will also depend on compliance with both the general conditions and the higher standards.
What can I do if my licence application is refused?
If your application is refused, you can apply to the magistrates' court.
What if I want to add a new dog to my licence?
If you want to:
- increase the number of dogs at your premises
- breed from a breed that you are not currently licensed for
you will need to discuss this with us before getting the new dog(s).
Please complete the amendment form
Email your completed form to firstname.lastname@example.org so that we can discuss this matter with you. Fees may apply.